Not wise

A North Carolina black bear takes a snack from a bird feeder, a reminder to keep even small animal food away from bears.

Editor’s note: Bear hunting season in Wilkes County opened on Monday, and the first hunting period runs through Nov. 21. The second session is Dec. 14-Jan. 1.

With fall temperatures falling, bear activity is increasing, and biologists with the N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission are reminding people to protect themselves and bears by following the six BearWise® Basics to reduce potential conflicts.

Bears’ appetites are biologically programmed to go into hyperdrive in the fall because they need to put on a thick layer of life-sustaining fat before they turn in for the winter. This annual power-eating marathon is called hyperphagia.

During hyperphagia, bears must consume 10 times as many calories as they need during the spring and summer, which means finding 20,000 calories a day or more. To find those extra calories, bears will often forage outside of their normal ranges, venturing near homes, campgrounds and trails, and trying to cross busy highways to find food.

Because of this, the first BearWise Basic people should always follow is probably the most critical. Never feed a bear — either intentionally or unintentionally. Bears are particularly attracted to human garbage, pet food and other human-associated foods, like bird seed. During this hyperphagia phase, bears can be protective of the food sources they find, so it’s particularly important to keep food secure and away from bears.

“Store bags of trash inside cans in a garage, sheds or other secure area, or use garbage cans or trash containers with a secure latching system or that are bear-resistant,” said Colleen Olfenbuttel, the commission’s black bear biologist. “Place trash outside as late as possible, on trash pick-up days — not the night before.”

People should also

• Remove bird feeders when bears are active. Birdseed and other grains have high calorie content making them very attractive to bears.

• Never leave pet food outdoors. Feed outdoor pets portion sizes that will be completely eaten during each meal and remove leftover food and food bowl.

• Clean and store grills. After you use an outdoor grill, clean it thoroughly and make sure that all grease and fat is removed.

• Alert neighbors to bear activity. See bears in the area or evidence of bear activity? Tell your neighbors and share info on how to avoid bear conflicts. Bears have adapted to living near people; now it’s up to humans to adapt to living near bears.

In addition to removing food attractants, residents can install electric fencing, which will protect bee hives, dumpsters, gardens, compost piles and other potential food sources, and consider using a bear-resistant trash container.

While black bears, by nature, are not aggressive animals, they can inspire fear, anxiety and fascination in people who encounter them. If left alone, most bears that have wandered into a residential area will quickly retreat to their natural habitat, particularly if no food source is around.

“No matter where you are or where you live, if you encounter a bear, the most important thing to do is leave the bear alone. Don’t try to feed it or chase it off — we can’t stress this enough,” said Olfenbuttel. “Crowds of people can unnerve a bear, perhaps causing it to act defensively.”

For more information about black bears, visit www.bearwise.org or the commission’s black bear species page. For questions regarding bears and other human-wildlife interactions, call 866-318-2401, Monday through Friday (excluding holidays) from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.

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